3.10 - Out Serves
Any of the following results in an out:
(a) Two Consecutive Fault Serves [see Rule 3.9], or a single fault serve in one serve play [see exceptions: 5.0].
(b) Missed Serve Attempt. Any attempt to
strike the ball that results in a total miss or in the ball touching
any part of the server's body, including the foot. Also, allowing the
ball to bounce more than once during the service motion.
(c) Touched Serve. Any served ball that on
the rebound from the front wall touches the server or server's racquet
before touching the floor, or any ball intentionally stopped or caught
by the server or server's partner.
(d) Fake or Balk Serve. Any movement of the
racquet toward the ball during the serve that is non-continuous and
done for the purpose of deceiving the receiver. If a balk serve occurs,
but the referee believes that no deceit was involved, the option of
declaring "no serve" and having the serve replayed without penalty can
(e) Illegal Hit. An illegal hit includes
contacting the ball twice, carrying the ball, or hitting the ball with
the handle of the racquet or part of the body or uniform.
(f) Non-Front Wall Serve. Any served ball that does not strike the front wall first.
(g) Crotch Serve. Any served ball that
hits the crotch of the front wall and floor, front wall and side wall,
or front wall and ceiling is an out serve (because it did not hit the
front wall first). A serve into the crotch of the back wall and floor
is a good serve and in play. A served ball that hits the crotch of the
side wall and floor beyond the short line is in play.
(h) Out-of-Court Serve. An out-of-court
serve is any served ball that first hits the front wall and, before
striking the floor, either goes out of the court or hits a surface
above the normal playing area of the court that has been declared as
out-of-play for a valid reason [See Rule 2.1(a)].
(i) Safety Zone Violation. An immediate
loss of serve shall result if, after the serve has been struck, the
server or doubles partner steps into the safety zone before the served
ball passes the short line.